1. Short Biography of the Writer...................................................... 5
2. The Title of the Work and the History of its Creation (if any). Description of the Main Characters and the Plot......................................... 6
Conclusion (Your Opinion of the Work)........................................ 13
The creative path of the eminent English writer Graham Green began back in the late 1920s, when he published his first novel, The Man Within (The Man Within, 1929). The formation of the novelist Green occurs in the 30s. The rapid pace of life, the sharp turns of human destinies have determined the dramatic severity of collisions in his works.
Graham Greene creates action-packed books, believing that the novel is inherently dramatic. The writer sees two genre varieties in his work: an "entertaining" novel and a "serious" novel. For the "entertaining" novel ("Gun for Sale" - A Gun for Sale, 1936, "The Trusted Person" - The Confidential Agent, 1939) is characterized by a detective plot, an adventure plot, murders "on stage" and more or less prosperous, although quite sad, the ending. For the "serious" novel ("This battlefield" - It's a Battlefield, 1934, "I created England" - England Made Me, 1935) are also typical elements of the detective, but to a lesser extent; here there is, rather, the theme of criminal action, which includes a social moment; murders occur "behind the scenes" and the denouement is catastrophic. Despite these differences, there is much in common between these genre varieties.
The fundamental difference between the novels of Green and ordinary detective literature is how the facts of crimes, murders, and cruelties are depicted. In a typical detective, these facts are only a chain of interesting, exciting events that can terrify, but which do not cause deep compassion and sympathy. In Green's novels, these facts are covered with psychological depth and in a tragic light; they are connected with the formulation of social and moral problems. In the criminal novel of Green, tragedy-style techniques are used, such as tragic irony, the motive for delusion, "recognition," the motive for the inevitability of the hero's death, etc. It is the tragic aspect that illuminates the nature of the terrible facts that have in the detective mainly the meaning of the necessary attributes genre and mandatory props, without which we can not do without.
In the early novels of Green, the tradition of Joseph Conrad, expressed in the interest of lonely outcast people, whose life is full of dangers and suffering, is palpable; in the tragic contradiction between a dream and reality; in the acute formulation of moral human problems in connection with topical political events; in a kind of combination of heroism and irony, tragedy and melodrama.
The dramatic characters and scenes in Green's novels often reach tragic power due to the severity of psychological conflicts and ethical pathos. Green is concerned with the problems of happiness, duty, conscience, trust, kindness, dignity and responsibility. And he raises them with tragic seriousness, seeking to find and confirm the moral foundations of a person living in a terrible world full of cruelty, betrayal, hatred. The Greek Catholic wants to rely on Christian morality, on the teaching of the church, but as a realist sees the dogmatism of Christianity, its contradiction with the best motivations of people. In those novels in which the main characters are Catholics, the author is interested not so much in religious ideas as in human conflicts, experiences, sufferings. The religious theme usually appears only in the most common, everyday terms - sin and virtue, curse and redemption. His Catholics are by no means holy, not martyr heroes, but ordinary people with all their real qualities ("Brighton Rock", Brighton Rock, 1938, "Power and Glory", 1940, "The essence of the matter "- The Heart of the Matter, 1948," End of a love affair "- The End of the Affair, 1951).
One of the characteristic features of the Green style is the paradox in the solution of the tragic theme ("Brighton Candy"). Greene said that ideas are often perceived through a paradoxical form and discarded as soon as they cease to amaze the imagination.
Supplements (Quotes from the Work)
"Dar" is a meta-novel by the Russian writer VV Nabokov. Written in Russian during the Berlin period of life, completed in 1938. The book is written in prose with poetic insets. Presumably, the title of the novel was given by a line from a poem ("for a clean and winged gift"), corrected in the final version due to phonetic cacophony ("spawn-lata").
The main character is biographical features of the author: a young novice poet, an emigrant, the son of a famous scientist, a missing person (Nabokov's father was shot while attempting PN Miliukov).
The hero lives in a rented apartment, the owners are a former anti-Semite prosecutor, his wife and his daughter's daughter from the first marriage with a Jew. The daughter and the hero love each other, but the relationship can not enter the phase of intimacy, because, according to the girl, in the presence of the parents, this will be the height of vulgarity.
The apotheosis of the novel is the departure of the parents, after which the full affinity of the young couple will come. Prose flows in the verse:
and for the mind of the attentive there is no boundary - where I put the point: the prolonged specter of being blue behind the page, like the clouds of tomorrow - and the line does not end.
The heroes go home, and they do not have the key to the apartment.
The fourth chapter of "Dara" is a "book in the book," a biography of Chernyshevsky, written by the main character of the novel. Nabokov conveyed in her own negative attitude to the personality of Chernyshevsky.